Historical Development Applications and Types of Unix

UNIX is a computer operating system developed by AT & T Bell Labs in the 1960s and 1970s. UNIX operating system designed as a portable, multi-tasking and multi-user. BSD is a derivative (variant) of Unix developed by the University of California, Berkeley. Unix operating system is widely used both as a server or workstation. Unix architecture and model client / server is the most important element in the development of the Internet and change the computing process is centralized in the network from a single process on the computer. Linux, an operating system adapted from Unix and is available for free have the popularity as an alternative to proprietary operating systems like Microsoft Windows History In 1960, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, AT & T Bell Labs, and General Electric to work in an operating system called Multics eksprimental (Multiplexed Information and Computing System) Applications Many applications in other operating systems that originally born in the Unix operating system environment. One example of such applications are referred to gnuplot. UNIX is an operating system developed by many parties. Any party that developed UNIX, adding to his technology in UNIX, which although it was outside the standard, capable of making the UNIX operating system is stronger or more reliable. The following tables list various types of UNIX. Here are the names of the UNIX variants and developers (vendors / organizations): A / UX : Apple Computer Domain / X : Apple Computer Darwin : Apple Computer (modifications made by Apple from the BSD kernel and applied to the Mac OS / X). CTIX : Convergent Technology Distrix : Convergent Technology UniCOS: Cray Research (now part of Silicon Graphics Incorporated) DG / UX: Data General Corporation Digital UNIX: Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) (bought by Compaq, now part of Hewlett-Packard) Ultrix: Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) (bought by Compaq. Now part of Hewlett-Packard) Clix:Fairchild Company Tru64:Compaq AIX: International Business Machine (IBM) Corporation Coherent: Mark William Company XENIX: Microsoft Corporation DVIX: Northern Telecom UnixWare: Novell Incorporated SCO UNIX: Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) Corporation SCO XENIX: Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) Corporation SCO OpenServer: Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) Corporation Dynix :Sequent SINIX:Siemens Corporation/Nixdorf IRIX: Silicon Graphics Incorporated (SGI) SunOS: Stanford Universities Network (SUN) Solaris: Sun Microsystems Incorporated Eunice: The Wollongong Group Uniplus+: Unisoft Corporation BSD UNIX: University of California Berkeley, USA BSD/I :BSDI (Berkeley Software Design Incorporated) OSF/1: Open Software Foundation GNU/Linux: Free Software Foundation GNU/Hurd: Free Software Foundation FreeBSD NetBSD OpenBSD NextStep Minix :Open University Amsterdam (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam), Netherlands Mach: Carnegie Mellon University, United States UNIX :System V Lucent Technologies (Bell Labs) QNX: Software Systems QNX
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